Clinical Terms and Jargon
amiodarone:
cardiac rhythm drug, potentially toxic to lungs
anasarca:
generalized edema, fluid in interstitial spaces of flesh
autonomic neuropathy:
problem with nerve networks that support basic functions
like blood vessel tone and gut motility
barium enema:
x-ray of lower colon lined with contrast material
BCNU:
cancer chemotherapy drug
bitemporal:
anatomically, on both sides of the brain or skull; visually, involving outer
halves of visual fields of both eyes
bronchoscope:
(as verb) to insert a brochoscope into a person’s airway to look down
its branches, suck out secretions, sometimes biopsy adjacent tissue
call case:
case seen initially by the on-call resident
central lines:
intravenous lines in central veins (close to the heart)—typically subcla-
vian or internal jugular veins—kept meticulously clean
centrum semiovale:
anatomic region of brain
Chance fracture:
transverse fracture of a vertebral body
contrast or contrast medium:
any substance—ingested or injected—used to enhance
visibility of structures or fluid in imaging studies of the body
creatinine:
a laboratory blood test of renal function
desmoplastic response:
fibrous proliferation
dissection of aorta:
spontaneous splitting of the aortic wall by blood under pressure
DLCO:
Pulmonary Function Lab analysis of expired breath, from a subject who has
breathed a mixture including helium and carbon monoxide
(co)—held
to
measure how efficiently gas is transferred from airway to capillary blood
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