INDEX
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
abundance, 58– 59, 138– 39, 162
access to water: along canals, 15, 61– 63,
164, 174; drainage water, 155, 162– 64,
167, 168; illegal, 69– 70, 77, 121– 22,
176– 77, 193n20; rights to, 6, 65– 66;
technology, 23, 119– 20, 132, 162– 64,
175– 76
accumulation by dispossession: Harvey’s
definition, 109, 112; land reclamation
and, 122, 125, 133– 35; nature of re-
sources and, 113, 135
agency: of farmers, 69, 77, 134, 174; flow
of water and, 3, 44, 71, 78, 138, 158,
173; participation and, 96– 97, 104
Agreement for the Full Utilization of
Nile Waters, 6
agricultural cooperatives, 12, 77– 78,
189n6
agricultural production: contribution to
Egypt’s gDp, 18; control of water for,
3, 9– 10; desert irrigation and, 135– 36;
expansion, 107– 9, 108, 112, 118– 19,
125, 132– 33, 160; seasonal patterns,
6– 9, 180n11; state intervention in, 11–
12, 181n14; subsurface drainage and,
151– 52, 158; in the west delta, 126– 28.
See also crops; farmers
agricultural reform, 12, 41– 42, 181n14
aid: international donors, 17– 20; total
received by Egypt, 18, 181n21
Alatout, Samer, 138, 162
Allan, Tony, 187n22
aquifers: Nile, 116, 128, 144, 144– 45,
147; west delta, 128; Western Desert,
179n1; Fayoum, 188n33
Arab Spring, xii
Arab Water Council, 56
Arab Water Forum, 34, 57, 64– 65, 184n1
Aswan High Dam: cost of, 137, 194n2;
drainage and, 147– 48, 156–58; fund-
ing for, 17, 157; hydropower genera-
tion, 186n16; impact on downstream
discharge, 9– 10, 11; location (map),
10; purpose, 9, 51; releases from, 50,
52– 53, 56, 178, 186n15; security at,
55; significance of, xi, 26, 147, 156–
58; water level measurement, 55
Asyut Barrage, 22, 180n12; location
(map), 10
awareness (taw‘iya): meetings, 78, 89,
92, 189n6; of water scarcity, 66– 67, 71
bahhar (gatekeeper): reporting viola-
tions, 121– 22; responsibilities, 46– 48
Bahr Hassan Wasif, 21, 22
Bahr Yusuf, 21, 22– 23
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