1 For related discussions of the concept of culture, including its history and recent
critique, see, e.g., Brown (1998), Di Leonardo (1998), Hegeman (1999), Kuper
(1999), Marcus and Myers (1995), Michaels (1995), Ortner (1999), Segal and Han-
dler (1995), Stocking (1989), and Wallerstein (1990).
2 For discussion of ethnographic research into ‘‘art worlds,’’ see Becker (1982) and
Marcus and Myers (1995).
Chapter One Culture and Cultures
1 For a more thorough discussion of Austin’s relationship to feminism, see Jacobs
2 Leah Dilworth provides a thorough discussion of Austin and The American
Rhythm and documents the connection between Austin’s cultural nationalism
and her anti-Semitism (1996:173–210).
3 Susan Hegeman has analyzed Waldo Frank’s notions of culture in relation to
American modernism. Waldo Frank, she notes, imagined Our America as ‘‘a kind
of guidebook to what he perceived to be the important cultural sites, and actors,
in the United States’’ (1999:105).
4 On connections among artists and other intellectuals in the U.S. and in Mexico in
the early twentieth century, see Oles, who reports that for many American
artists, Mexico was ‘‘an almost natural extension of their experience in the
Southwest. Mexico was ‘older,’ its ruins grander, its mountains higher. And
unlike the Southwest, tourism and modernity had not yet overwhelmed it’’
5 In Edith Wharton’s novels, wealthy women in nineteenth-century New York
turned themselves into objets d’art for men to desire (Montgomery 1998:71).
Montgomery notes, however, that in Wharton’s world once such women mar-
ried they played the role of curator within their homes.
6 As George Marcus notes in an interesting discussion of eccentricity and class,
eccentricity is a class-bound concept and is ‘‘predominately associated with the
lavishly powerful, wealthy, and famous’’ (1998:167). Although the Whites were,
on a national level, hardly all that tremendously wealthy or famous, in Santa Fe
they were certainly among the wealthiest of the city’s early twentieth-century
residents and therefore suitable targets for accusations of nonconformity.