A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S
Cultures of the Death Drive was written with the support of a fellowship from
the Spanish Ministry of Education and the Del Amo-Universidad Com-
plutense Foundation, which covered my stay at the Rhetoric Department,
University of California-Berkeley, in 1995–96. A preliminary version of
chapter 4 first appeared as ‘‘Melancholia as constitutive of male homosex-
uality: A Kleinian approach’’ in Gender and Psychoanalysis 3 (1998).
I am greatly indebted to the counsel of colleagues and teachers at the
University of California at Berkeley and Santa Cruz and at Cornell Univer-
sity at di√erent times in my nomadic roaming around the United States.
Among these people, I must mention Fredric Jameson, Hayden White, and
Judith Butler, the latter of whom was responsible for making my stay at
Berkeley both possible and fruitful. Reynolds Smith, Executive Editor at
Duke University Press, engaged this project with enormous interest and
respect from the beginning. I am very grateful for his insightful and e≈-
cient contribution to the final version of this volume.
My friends Marcia Baker, Jacques Lezra, and Osvaldo Sabino should
also be credited for supporting me through di≈cult times in this long war
I also extend my thanks to my graduate students in the English De-
partment, Universidad Complutense, for their encouragement and interest
in our common work.
Finally, I would also like to mark the great debt I owe to my parents,
Piedad and Jesús, for their encouragement, love, and blind faith in me. And
above any other reader of my work I would like to thank Juan Imperial, to
whom this book is dedicated, for his constant friendship and invaluable