1 For example, I began teaching courses in cultural studies in the early 1970s, gave my first
public lecture on it in 1976, and published my first article on cultural studies in 1977. Of
course other scholars in the United States, most especially James Carey, were talking
about cultural studies even earlier. Obviously courses in popular culture have a much
longer history, but even when combined with cultural studies, even implicitly, their
history goes back into the 1960s. Again, I began teaching courses in popular culture in the
early 1970s; my first public presentation on popular music was in 1981 (although I began
teaching classes on popular music in 1977], and my first publication was in 1983.
2 Hopefully without overromanticizing the possibilities of cultural studies as a revolution-
ary agent. In other words, one has to recognize the political limits of intellectual work
even while believing that it has an important contribution to make.
3 Some of my work addressing the first two of these concerns is collected in Bringing It All
Back Home: Essays on Cultural Studies (Durham: Duke University Press, 1997).
4 Habermas is the clearest example, although I would also describe the particular appropri-
ation of post structuralism and postmodernism that became dominant in the United States
in these terms.
5 Meaghan Morris has been arguing for some time now that one should replace the focus on
culture with a concern for everyday life.
6 I have used "everyday life" in a very specific sense.
is not merely daily life but an
organization ofroutinized structures under capitalism. That is, everyday life is already a
product of power rather than an escape from it. Thus I do not think that everyday life can
be equated with Foucault's description of micropolitics and discipline. My own view is
taken from Lefebvre (1984) but would not have been possible without the help of Mea-
ghan Morris. In fact, I think I should have more carefully followed Lefebvre in distin-
guishing everyday life and the everyday.
7 I do not mean to make either Hall or Morris responsible for my work, but to acknowledge
my personal debt to and my admiration for both of them. Both of them have rather
dispersed bodies of work, but good starting points are Morley and Chen (1996) and Morris
(forthcoming). Additionally, I would point to Bennett (1990) as having made a significant
contribution to my own perspective.