Quoted in Whitfield, The Culture of the Cold War, 142.
Reagan’s complete huac testimony is reprinted in Bent-
ley, Thirty Years of Treason, 143–47; the quotation here
occurs on 146–47. For every unfriendly witness who was
asked if he or she had ever been a member of the Commu-
nist Party, a friendly witness was asked if such membership
should be outlawed.
See especially Navasky, Naming Names; and Ceplair and
Englund, The Inquisition in Hollywood. For an excellent
overview of the year 1947 in film that emphasizes the anxi-
eties both embodied and engendered by huac, see Wil-
liams, ‘‘1947.’’
J. Edgar Hoover, huac testimony, March 26, 1947, quoted
in Schrecker, The Age of McCarthyism, 127–33.
The term fifth column was introduced in a Spanish radio
address in 1936 by Emilo Mola, a rebel (pro-Franco) gen-
eral who called for a fifth column of support in Madrid to
aid his four military columns laying siege to the city from
without. The fifth-column betrayal of Spanish loyalists by a
high-ranking rebel infiltrator plays a central part in the first
Hollywood narrative made about the Spanish Civil War,
Blockade (1938), with a rather muddled screenplay by John
Howard Lawson.
For attempting to fuse politics with affect, two pioneering
cultural studies of the period deserve special mention,
although my emphasis on the uncanny aspects of citizen-
ship differs from theirs: Polan, Power and Paranoia; and
Graebner, The Age of Doubt. Both studies are noteworthy
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