N O T E S
Introduction, and Other Dark Matters
1. Beauvoir, The Force of Circumstance, 606.
2. Bhabha, “Foreword,” viii.
3. Beauvoir, The Force of Circumstance, 606.
4. Quoted in Geismar, Fanon, 185.
5. Cherki, Frantz Fanon, 162.
6. Fanon, “Rencontre de la société et de la Psychiatrie.” See Mirzoeﬀ, The Right to Look;
and Mirzoeﬀ, “We Are All Children of Algeria,” for further discussion of Fanon’s lectures
in Tunisia. Mirzoeﬀ notes that although Michel Foucault was in residence at the Uni-
versity of Tunis from 1966 to 1968, a mere six years after Fanon’s residency, and Foucault
taught a course called Madness and Civilization during his time at the University of
Tunis, as yet no connection has been made in Foucault’s published writings on the
possibility of the influence of Fanon’s thought on his own theorizing.
7. Fanon, Rencontre de la société et de la Psychiatrie, 10. In his biography of Fanon,
Frantz Fanon, David Macey writes that much of Fanon’s discussion here of the black
condition in the United States is derived from literature, namely the works of Rich-
ard Wright and Chester Himes. On Himes, Macey writes that Fanon “misreads him
badly” (326). “Quand un Noir tue un Noir, il ne se passé rien; quand un Noir tue un
Blanc, toute la police est mobilisée” could be loosely translated from French to say:
when a black person kills another black person, not much is remarked upon; but when
a black person kills a white person, the entire police force is mobilized. See also singer-
songwriter Frank Ocean’s single “Crack Rock” from his album Channel Orange (2012)
on the apparent inaudibility of black death and, similarly to Fanon’s observation on
black- on- black violence, police mobilization: “My brother get popped / And don’t no
one hear the sound.”
8. Gendzier, Frantz Fanon, 99.
9. Mirzoeﬀ, The Right to Look, 250. I would add here that Toni Cade Bambara (1970)
also saw these possibilities that Mirzoeﬀ alludes to, as she wrote that in Fanon’s A Dy-
ing Colonialism he names how the anticolonial struggle necessitated a liberation from
traditional gender roles, releasing people from “stultifying roleplaying, freeing them
to fashion a new sense of self” (108). (Bambara) Cade, “On the Issue of Roles.”