InDex
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
Agency: Americanness and, 7; cul-
tural, 3; national identity and, 141;
performative, 143; primitivism and,
73; representation and, 87; shifts
in, 4. See also Power
Ag’Ya, L’ (Dunham ballet), 166,
167, 187, 192, 197–98; carnival act,
195–96; costuming, 193; dance
technique in, 184, 188, 190–91;
exoticism in, 189–90, 194; as folk
romance, 185–86; hybridity in, 24,
198; meaning of title, 187; modern-
ism of, 186; multiple gazes of, 188–
89; premiere of, 185; primitive in,
172, 189–90; story line, 186; voodoo
act, 191–95, 192
Ag’ya fighting dance, 196–97
Allah Temple of Islam, 161
American identity: African Ameri-
can performance and, 14, 19, 28, 70,
124, 140–41, 149, 163; black film-
making and, 42; exoticism and, 111,
163; primitivism and, 70; race and,
139, 157; subjectivity in, 78. See also
Black identity
Americanness: assimilation and, 55;
blackness and, 2, 7, 21, 40, 87, 144,
235, 237; masculinity and, 105; min-
strelsy and, 263n28
American West: blacks and, 30,
40–43, 69; expansion and, 23, 24,
27, 30, 41, 57; inclusion and, 23, 57,
69; masculinity and, 24, 55; racism
in, 27, 41, 42, 52–53; segregation in,
41. See also Western films
Anthropology: black, 167–72; black
diaspora and, 172; diaspora and, 24;
ethnographic, 2, 165, 166, 168, 170,
201; film in, 178–79; imperialism
of, 165–66, 169; postmodern, 176;
racism and, 168–72; transformation
into discipline, 169; vindicationist,
170–72. See also Ethnography
Antimiscegnation laws, 22
Aschenbrenner, Joyce, 174
Atkinson, Brooks, 107
Backwardness, 74, 204
Bad Man from Harlem (film), 58–59
Baker, Houston, 4
Baker, Josephine, 9
Balce, Nerissa S., 152
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