Index
aafesp (Sickle Cell Anemia Association of
the State of São Paulo), 138
affirmative action: multiculturalist policies
and, 139; race and, 125–26, 128–30; on
racial inequalities, 137–38
African ancestry, 43, 80, 108, 111, 113, 159,
203, 208, 216, 235, 252; African ancestry
index (aai), 125; African- derived popula-
tions, 136, 137, 169; in Brazil, 130–31,
134, 137, 138–39, 140; multiculturalism,
genomics and, 174, 182, 184
African ge ne tic ancestry: health disorders
and, 134, 138–39; race- color classification
and, 140
Afro- Brazilian, as category, 20, 132–33, 174,
178, 217, 235
Afro- Brazilian roots proj ect, 131, 137
Afro- Colombians, 101–2, 104, 109, 114,
119–20
Afro- mestizo, 78, 96
Afro- Mexican, 164
alterity, structures of, 174
América Negra, 100, 101
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 57
Amerindian ancestry, 42, 108, 111, 128, 140,
208, 216, 221, 246, 265; in Mexico, 150,
151, 152–53, 157, 158, 159, 162, 163, 164;
multiculturalism, genomics and, 172,
176–77
ancestral populations, 224; Colombia, an-
cestral founding populations in, 109–10;
concept of, dna ancestry testing and,
33–34, 172; race, mixture and, 170–71
ancestry: ancestry informative markers
(aims), 33, 86, 151; appearances and,
233–35; continental ancestral population,
idea of, 33–34; diversity and, data about,
224; ge ne ticization, ancestry testing
and, 249–53; genomic versions of, 257; in
Mexico, 150; mixture and, 2–3; testing
in Brazil, 131–32
Antioquia, Colombia, 9, 20, 108, 110–13, 121,
209, 217, 238
anti- quota manifesto in Brazil, 132, 137
antiracism, 220–21; comparison, 180;
genomics and, 260, 263–64; postwar turn
toward, 28–29
antiracism, global transitions to, 54–59;
biological anthropology, 57; biological
determinism, 54–55, 56–57; biological
“populations,” idea of, 59; cultural rac-
ism, 59; cultural relativism, 56; culture,
separation of biology and, 59; eugenics,
55–56; human value, race and hierarchy
of, 56; intelligence, “race” and, 58; race,
unesco statements on (1950 and 1952),
56–57, 57–58, 257; racial conscious-
ness as biological trait, 58–59; racial
in equality, racism and, 56–57; racial
types, 54; scientific racism, 55–56; social
construction of “race,” 57; sociobiologi-
cal ideas, 58–59
Arocha, Jaime, 99–100
articulation, Hall’s ideas about, 47
assemblage theory, 46–48; location
within, significance of, 255–56; mestizo
assemblage, 48–51; science, society and,
46–48
assimilation, mixture and, 182–83
asymmetric mating, 208–9
Australoid race, 28–29
authoritarian clientelism, 94
autosomal dna, 37, 111, 157, 195, 214, 216
Basque ancestry, 113
Berardinelli, Waldemar, 64
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