N O T E S
introduction
Note: All translations are mine, unless otherwise noted.
Mauricio de Medeiros, ‘‘Uma recusa insultosa,’’ Diario Carioca, 7 March 1944, 4. The
Diario Carioca began publishing in 1929 with a circulation of five thousand and later
‘‘gained prestige’’ as an opposition newspaper during the Vargas era. Nelson Werneck
Sodré, A história da imprensa no Brasil (Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1966), 424.
Caboclo is defined as a person of mixed indigenous and European descent.
H. Sobral Pinto, ‘‘Uma injustiça a reparar,’’ Diario Carioca, 12 March 1944, 9.
Letter from Sobral Pinto to Archbishop Jayme de Barros Câmara, 20 March 1944. Gus-
tavo Capanema Collection, cpdoc, Relacionamento Estado-Igreja Católica 39.05.25
(0033).
Doraci de Souza, ‘‘Colégios estrangeiros,’’ O Globo; reprinted in Diario Carioca, 11 March
1944, 4.
Letter from H. Sobral Pinto to D. Jayme de Barros Câmara, archbishop of Rio de
Janeiro, 20 March 1944. Gustavo Capanema Collection, cpdoc, Relacionamento
Estado-Igreja Católica 39.05.25 (0033).
π A detailed discussion of the relationship between Gustavo Capanema and the Catholic
Church can be found in Simon Schwartzman et al., Tempos de Capanema (São Paulo:
edusp, 1984). For another source, see José Silveiro Baia Horta, O hino, o sermão e a
ordem do dia (Rio de Janeiro: ufrj, 1995). The centennial of Capanema’s birth in 1900
witnessed the publication of two new books on his life and works: Angela de Castro
Gomes, ed. Capanema: O ministro e seu ministério (Rio de Janeiro: Editoria fgv, 2000),
and Murilo Badaro, Gustavo Capanema: A revolução na cultura (São Paulo: Nova Fronteira,
2000).
Undated note by Gustavo Capanema. Gustavo Capanema Collection, cpdoc, Rela-
cionamente Estado-Igreja Católica 39.05.25 (0049). In the same note, Capanema ruled
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