I N D E X
Afro-Brazilian Congress (1934), 100
Agache, Alfred, 55, 76, 78–82, 85, 88
Alagoas (state), 110
Alcoholism, 25, 33, 41–42, 208–209. See also
Eugenics; Racial degeneracy
Alves, Isaias, 35, 123, 143–146, 166, 168,
240
Amazonas (state), 10, 33, 65, 110, 120, 240
Anderson, Benedict, 59
Andrade, Carlos Drummond de, 64
Andrade, Mario de, 64
Antipo√, Helena, 143
Anti-semitism, 182, 194–196, 200, 208
Antonio, Celso, 22–24
Azevedo, Fernando de, 11, 25, 33, 62, 77,
101–105, 123, 139, 172, 175, 183–184; at-
tacked by Catholic nationalists, 166–170;
reform by, 97, 102, 108–110, 129
Azevedo, Philadelpho, 183, 229–231
Bahia (state), 10, 33, 39, 69, 72, 168, 234,
240
Barbosa, Aloisio, 192, 217
Batista, Pedro Ernesto, 42, 132, 156–157,
170, 173
Beckeuser, Everardo, 69
Biotypology Association, 26
Boas, Franz, 9, 23, 28
Borges, Pio, 47, 176–178, 181–182, 228
Brazilian Association of Educators (abe),
60
Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statis-
tics (ibge), 52–55, 58–60, 66, 100
Brazilian race, 3, 27, 34, 37, 116, 222, 233
Brito, Mário de, 103, 111–112, 116, 264 n.33
Brizola, Leonel, 99, 241
Câmara, Jaime de Barros (archbishop of
Rio), 3
Campos, Francisco, 77; authored Estado
Novo Constitution, 107, 156, 173; federal
education reform by, 63–64, 199, 268
n.45; in Minas Gerais, 107–108, 143; as
Minister of Education and Health, 63–64,
209, 210; as Minister of Justice, 156; as
Secretary of Education in Rio de Janeiro,
155–156, 173, 176
Capanema, Gustavo, 6, 21–24, 41, 49–50,
54, 64, 160, 163, 168; Catholic activism
and, 3, 166–167; and the Colégio Pedro
II, 193–196, 208; education reform by, 64;
and the Estado Novo, 193–196
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