Index
Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome. See aids
Agua de Dios, 136, 138, 140,
148–50
aids, 12, 290–310; and civil orga-
nizations, 299–301, 308–10; epi-
demic (Brazil), 290–310; gov-
ernment responses to, 297–99, 306–
10; and homophobia, 297–98, 300;
and homosexuality, 297–98, 300–
310; and media, 297; National Pro-
gram on aids, (Brazil), 298, 306,
308; and politics, 298–99; and pov-
erty, 16; prevention of, 305–9; pub-
lic education about, 300, 307, 309;
and ‘‘risk groups,’’ 297–98, 304, 307–
8; and sexuality, 290–91, 297–98,
300–310; and stigmas, 300–301. See
also Brazil; Sexual hygiene; Sexually
transmitted diseases
Alcoholism: and mental illness, 251,
257–59
Amazon, 24–50, 27
American trypanosomiasis, 81, 83
Andean biology, 92
Anopheles, 27, 31, 34, 36, 38, 39, 44–45;
Anopheles gambiae, 43
Anti-Chinese sentiment, 142–43
Argentina, 137; and leprosy, 137–38,
143; physicians, 84. See also Buenos
Aires
Argentinization, 104
Argentine Society for Northern Re-
gional Pathology, 84
Bacillus, 101
Bacteriology, 101
Balbastro, Dr. Arturo, 57
Bambuí, 84
Barrio, 103–6, 108–9, 111, 114, 120–
23, 125
Barrón, Roman, 183–84, 185, 186, 202
Bertillion classification system, 158,
178
Bismuth: treatment of syphilis with,
244, 251
Blood-sucking insect, 76; Reduviid in-
sect, 76; Chagas’s interest in, 80;
Panstrongylus megistus, 83; Triatomas
infestans, 83. See also Trypanosoma
cruzi
Bolivia: and mental health, 237–67;
and citizenship, 262
Brazil, 12–13, 25–45, 76–100, 137,
142, 290–310; and aids, 291, 297–
313; aids organizations within,
299–301, 308–10; and Caxambu
meetings, 88; and Carlos Chagas,
79–80; and Chagas’ disease, 76–93;
and eugenics, 290–96; and hygiene,
81–82, 90–91, 139; and leprosy, 137,
142; and malaria, 25–45; and mili-
tary regime, 298–99; and Ministry
of Health, 297–98; and modernity,
90–92; and nation-building, 295–
97, 310; and public health, 26, 90–
91; politics of, 42–43, 90–91, 297;
and racial mixing, 291–97; and rub-
ber industry, 25–27, 29–30, 37, 39–
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