Origins
Mice and humans in technoscience share too many genes,
too many worksites, too much history, too much of the
future not to be locked in a familial embrace.
—Donna Haraway,
Modest Witness@Second Millennium
Whether we assent or not, the laboratory mouse’s very
existence engages us in a complicated process of technical,
cultural, and political formation, but at the same time, its
historical situatedness provides a tool kit for intervening in
this process.
—Karen Rader,
Making Mice
In various speaking engagements throughout thewriting of this book
I often encountered audiences that were somewhat doubtful about
how much therewas left to sayabout the topic of cloning or the birth
of Dolly the sheep. The association of cloning with repetition and
endless similarity seemed to be replicated in their anticipations that
the topic was overrehearsed and now somewhat dated. This book
challenges these doubtful anticipations by arguing that we have only
really just begun to develop a suitable critical language for parsing
the significance of Dolly’s coming into being. It is as though she is
hidden behind a hedge of bad puns in a paddock.The argument pre-
sented here differs primarily from other accounts of cloning in that
it does not take a legal, bioethical, theological, or public policy ap-
proach,1
but instead, building on the work of historians and anthro-
pologists, tries to situate her emergence as part of the history of agri-
cultural innovation and its close connections to the life sciences—in
particular reproductive biomedicine. From this perspective, Dolly’s
genealogy is thick with significance—as a form of animal capital, as
a very British animal, and as an animal model of a technique that has
significant potential to improve human health.
Dolly Mixtures are a British type of candy, or sweet, made up of
brightly colored different pieces marked with distinctive stripes and
patterns. Like their kindred confection ‘‘all sorts,’’ Dolly Mixtures are
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