The writing of women into history involves redefining and enlarging traditional no-
tions of historical significance, to encompass personal, subjective experience as well as
public and po litical activities. Such a methodology implies not only a new history of
women, but also a new history.— joan scott, Gender and the Politics of History
Nadeem was one of the last women I met at the Center. I had been answer-
ing phones as a volunteer at the front desk that day because the regular ad-
ministrator was out sick. Nadeem did not have an actual appointment, but
instead had come to the Center to socialize with other women in the wait-
ing area. Clearly frustrated and perhaps lonely, her conversation filled the
Center. Suddenly and without warning, her interest turned to me. Who
was I? She wanted to know. When I told her, she expressed interest in being
interviewed, wanting to be included in the study or at least to have her
voice heard and her words documented. She said, “I’ve been exploited. . . .
So much money is wasted every year on studies like this [referring to Down-
wardly Global ], but nothing ever changes. If you don’t like what I said, you
can erase my interview and not call me again.” Nadeem’s frustration and
her comments raise a critical point about where money and eﬀorts are put
and what kinds of change are actually pos si ble.
Multiculturalism’s Identity Crisis
In June 2012, Citizenship and Immigration Canada suspended the Federal
Skilled Worker Program, which had been the primary route for skilled-
worker immigration, bringing in approximately 55,000 people every year.
Due to a tremendous backlog, some applicants had been waiting up to