Index
Abercrombie, Thomas, 37
Abrigo, Nicolas, 71, 73–75
absentee landlords, 69–70, 74–75, 149
Achacachi (Jach’aqahachi), 149
Achachila, Achachilas, 1, 3, 10, 32, 52,
63, 66, 84, 87, 96, 98, 104, 106–8, 113,
122–23, 125, 127, 132, 158, 174; defini-
tion of, 1, 10, 87; Pachamama and, 2–3,
52, 65–66, 74–84, 87, 96, 98, 106–7, 113,
123, 153, 158; Saxama as, 125, 132
Adams Hale, Charles, 34
Aduviri, Ignacio, 44–45
agrarian reform (reforma agraria): of 1874, 5,
9, 22, 29, 31, 35, 39–40, 44, 48; of 1953,
9, 54, 133, 171–73, 180, 222n91
agregado, 49
Aguilar, Aida, 36
Aiquile, 23, 70, 157, 161
alcalde del campo, 98, 206n97
alcalde particular, 70–71, 98, 107–8, 110, 116
alcaldes, 6, 28, 31, 108, 111, 207n4; jilaqatas
or, 31
alcaldes escolares, 71, 98
alcaldes mayores, 32–33, 35, 36, 39, 53, 74,
111; jilaqatas and, 6, 32, 35–36, 39, 74; of
Sik’a Sik’a, 35–39
Alcaldes Mayores Particulares (amp), 3,
6, 8, 31, 50, 53, 98, 115, 225n14; activist
intellectuals and, 9, 12, 53, 77, 83, 112,
163, 172, 174, 178; Aymara world and,
6, 17, 37, 39, 169, 178, 217n48; colo-
nial law and, 2, 4, 28, 57, 62, 64–67, 69,
77–79, 97, 131; ethnic dress and, 15, 88,
90, 112, 117, 132, 139, 154, 158; known as
phawajrunas (the flying men), 31; second
generation and, 4, 6, 9, 19, 29, 41, 59,
134, 138, 140, 144, 172–73. See also sub-
altern Indian movement
Alto Beni, 43
Álvarez Mamani, Antonio, 56
Amado, Jorge, 43
Ancash, 28
Ancoraimes (Janqulaimes), 35, 44, 51,
84–85, 103–4, 109, 112, 114; oral history
and, 3. See also ayllus de Ancoraimes
Andean patriarchy, 18
Andia, Berna, 69–70, 209n59
Andia, Manuel, 67, 68, 71; sister and, 69
anti- colonial agenda, 176
apoderado, apoderados, 1–3, 6–7, 26, 28, 31,
33, 35–36, 40–53, 55–56, 59–64, 67–68,
74, 81–82, 84–86, 94, 96–99, 103–4,
106, 113–14, 121, 123–24, 129, 131, 138,
171, 178, 201n28; apoderado’s wife (apode-
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