Chapter 1. Problems of a Political Nature
1 A pseudonym, like most names in this book.
2 Boas, “The Limitations of the Comparative Method of Anthropology.” For a play-
ful but provocative rereading of the promise of comparative method through
matsutake mushrooms and the work of Marilyn Strathern, see Tsing, “Kinship
and Science in the Genus Tricholoma.”
3 See Anderson, The Spectre of Comparisons; Cheah and Culler, Grounds of Comparison.
4 The FOE Hong Kong oﬃce later became estranged from the international FOE
network for accepting money from a major corporation.
5 On the advent of planetary imagination in and through environmental politics,
see Ingold, “Globes and Spheres”; Jasanoﬀ, “Heaven and Earth.” For important at-
tention to the colonial life of planetary consciousness, see Pratt, “Science, Plane-
tary Consciousness, Interiors”; Grove, Green Imperialism.
6 Lai, “Greening of Hong Kong?” 268. For a resonant consideration of how the
Chernobyl disaster sparked in the Ukraine critiques of Soviet governance in simul-
taneously environmentalist and nationalist idioms, see Petryna, Life Exposed.
7 Exemplary works on the commingled constitution of nature and culture include
Haraway, Primate Visions; Latour, We Have Never Been Modern; Raﬄes, In Amazonia.
8 For an excellent account of the various meanings that the concept of the “ecosys-
tem” has denoted and some of the struggles that have transpired within the ﬁeld
of ecology to deﬁne the term, see Golley, A History of the Ecosystem Concept in Ecology.
9 Problems of comparison take center stage in postcolonial and transnational sci-
ence studies. See Langwick, Bodies, Politics and African Healing; Lock, Twice Dead;
Lowe, Wild Profusion; Zhan, “Does It Takes a Miracle?”
10 For an incisive critique of the analytic of “transition” in China Studies, see Zhan,
“Civet Cats, Fried Grasshoppers, and David Beckham’s Pajamas.”