This book is an intervention into the current power ful framing devices for
human trafficking that both expose trafficking and limit our understandings
of it. The focus of my research has been on retracing the histories and geog-
raphies of how those frames came into dominance after the Cold War. At the
same time, I am acutely aware of the need to move on, to take alternative roads
and engage new strategies. Thus, I conclude the book with ideas for how to en-
gage antitrafficking from a more critical position. Again, the impetus for doing
so is not to downplay the vio lence of trafficking but to elevate recognition of
the subterranean vio lence that both makes trafficking possi ble and is obscured
when trafficking is viewed as a mere aberration. I think a key intervention is
to start approaching human trafficking as a symptom of a multifaceted injus-
tice rather than as a singular prob lem. There has been such intense focus on
human trafficking as the prob lem, as the violation, that we have failed to see
the entire picture.
Viewed as a symptom, we may approach antitrafficking from advocacy/
policy platforms focused on immigration laws, labor rights, prison reform,
global financial institutions, poverty alleviation in the context of urban
decay, or even social ser vices reform. These ideas are already on the minds
beyond the carceral state
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