1 “Natasha” was the generic name given to describe victims of traﬃcking from the
former Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc.
2 Sex traﬃcking is often recognized as a unique form of forced labor, as in the 2000
Optional Protocol to the un Convention against Transnational Or ga nized Crime: the
Optional Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Traﬃcking in Persons, Espe-
cially Women and Children. This book focuses on sex traﬃcking because I analyze
how the example of postsocialist sex traﬃcking in par ticular set the course for
contemporary antitraﬃcking agendas. However, my position is that sex traﬃcking
should not be treated as distinct from other forms of forced labor. Sexual vio lence
and forced sex can occur in other labor situations, and sexual labor is labor. At
times, I use the terms “ human traﬃcking” and “sex traﬃcking” interchangeably,
although I am aware that they legally are made distinct.
3 This photo is particularly relevant given the collapse of an eight- story building in
2013 in Savar, a subdistrict in the Dhaka District in Bangladesh.
4 I use the term “vio lence against women” throughout this book to stand for this
composite category, which I introduce below; I use the phrase without quotation
marks in the broader, ordinary sense.
5 U.S. Department of State, Oﬃce to Monitor and Combat Traﬃcking in Persons
website. n.d. “Four ‘Ps’: Prevention, Protection, Prosecution, Partnerships,” ac-
cessed December 31, 2014, www . state . gov / j / tip / 4p / .