In completing this book, I am indebted to many individuals and organiza-
tions who supported my work over the past ﬁve years, materially, intel-
lectually, and psychically. In particular, I would like to thank Edgar Heap
of Birds and his wife, Shanna Ketchum- Heap of Birds, and their family.
Without their generosity and hospitality, this book would not have been
possible. An award from the Creative Capital | Warhol Foundation Arts
Writers Grant Program supported early work on the project, and faculty
research awards from Pitzer College helped sustain the writing process.
Pitzer College and the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma also
contributed subvention funds toward publication. Thanks to Dean of Fac-
ulty Muriel Poston of Pitzer College and to Cheyenne and Arapaho Gover-
nor Eddie Hamilton for their support.
Ana Iwataki provided invaluable research assistance at an early stage,
and this project has also been enriched by dialogue with my students at
Pitzer and the Claremont Colleges. In Claremont I have also enjoyed an on-
going conversation with a diverse community of supportive colleagues and
friends including Ahmed Alwishah, Brent Armendinger, Michelle Beren-
feld, Tim Berg, Bruce Coats, Jud Emerick, Ciara Ennis, Paul Faulstich,
Sarah Gilbert, George Gorse, Todd Honma, Kathleen Howe, Carina John-