indEx
Note: Page numbers followed by “f” indicate figures.
Abel, Richard, 90, 121, 291n58
Acrobatic Fly, The (Smith; Urban, 1910),
295n102
actualities, 70–72, 86f, 144, 149, 245–47
Addams, Jane, 104, 106
aesthetics: cinema as art vs. amusement, 4,
181–82; of educational film, 135–36; Gun-
ning’s “aesthetic of astonishment,” 180;
Gunning’s “cinema of attractions,” 144,
180, 281n34; the picturesque and, 179;
view aesthetic, 144–45, 180. See also pic-
turesque, the
“aged native” trope, 57, 157
Albee, E. F., 115
alienation, modern, 220–26
Allen, Robert, 115
Altenloh, Emilie, 137–38
alterity. See difference, exoticism, and the
Other
alternative public sphere, 211–12
Altman, Rick, xiv, xv, 41, 79, 226, 228–29
Alvarez, Max, 319n79
Amad, Paula, 153
Amalfi (Cines, 1910), 151, 151f
ambivalence and contradiction: American
Indians and, 251; the American West and,
237, 244; Bhabha on, 33; Holmes’s “Moki
Land” and, 44–45, 52; popular ethnogra-
phy and “imperial gaze” vs., 31–32. See also
resistance and disruption
Ambrosio, 88
American Film Manufacturing Company,
243, 271
American Indians: Blackfeet, 256–58; in Gla-
cier National Park (Pathé, 1917), 251–57,
252f, 254f–257f; “primitive” trope, 250;
“savage” and “vanishing Indian” tropes,
250–51, 253, 258; in Twelve Minutes in Gla-
cier National Park (Colorart, n.d.), 257, 257f
“Americanization,” 104–5
American Mutoscope and Biograph Com-
pany: nonfiction films by, 71, 292n65;
nonfiction genres and, 79–81, 290n42; on
“Wonderland,” 249
American West: American Indians, repre-
sentations of, 250–59; auto touring and,
243–44; fascination with, 239; Holmes’s
“Moki Land” and, 48, 51, 52; modern,
urban image of, 236, 259–67; national
parks and commodification of nature,
245–50; railroads and promotion of,
241–44; recreation and cinema as “play-
ground” and, 237, 267; scenic nationalism
and mythology of the West, 235, 238–41;
“separate islands” conceptualization of,
236; as setting, 235–36
American Woman’s Home, The (Beecher and
Stowe), 193
Among the Cannibal Isles of the South Pacific
(Johnson and Johnson, 1918), 51, 272
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