A Reader’s Guide
Timeline of Key Events
1823 President James Monroe proclaims the Monroe Doctrine,
which rejects European intervention and imperialism in the
1833 British occupation of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas).
1846–1848 U.S.-Mexican War: the United States invades and defeats
1848 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the U.S.-Mexican War;
Mexico cedes half its territory to the United States.
1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty: an Anglo-American agreement for a pro-
jected isthmian canal.
1882 British occupation of Egypt.
1895 Venezuela–British Guyana border dispute: the United States sup-
ports Venezuela, invoking the Monroe Doctrine.
1895 The second Cuban insurrection against Spain begins.
1898 Spanish-American War: the United States defeats Spain at sea,
invades Cuba, and seizes Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.
1899–1902 U.S. military occupation of Cuba.
1901 The new Cuban Constitution incorporates the Platt Amendment,
granting the United States the right to intervene in the island;
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty: an Anglo-American agreement ceding
the United States primary control of an isthmian canal, thus
abrogating the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850.