index
Page numbers appearing in italics refer
to illustrations.
Abalos, Josephine, 69, 73, 76, 78, 86
Abaya, Josefa, 34
Abrahamson, David, 141
Activism. See Filipino nurse organiza-
tions; pna
Adventure/travel, 94–95, 99–104,
117–18
Adverse Impact Assessment, 182
African nurses, 43
Agatep, Escolastica, 33
aids patients, 184
Albay (Philippines), 51
Alcantara, Mercedes, 108
Alerta, Luz, 69, 74
Alonzo, Marina, 83
Altman, Jack: Born to Raise Hell, 129–
30, 133, 134–35, 137–38, 220 n.4;
Speck: The Untold Story of a Mass
Murderer, 138
Alvarez, Luisa, 81
Alzona, Encarnacion, 36–38
American Bandstand, 136
American Historical Association, 5
American Journal of Nursing, 23–24,
174–75
American nurses: baccalaureate de-
grees for, 56; and class, 44–45; in
the evp, 64–65, 209 n.3; vs. foreign
nurses, 4, 5, 80, 172–73, 174–75; on
licensing, 167; male, 48; and nurse-
to-patient ratio, 113–14; and nurs-
ing reform, 44–45, 50; in public
health nursing, 51; residences for,
46; salaries of, 68–69, 211 n.17;
shortage of, 3, 78, 110–11, 187–88,
191–92, 213 n.53. See also ana
American Nurses Association. See
ana
American Philippine War Damage
Commission, 56
American Presidents (pbs), 5
American Red Cross (Philippine
chapter), 49, 52
American Society of Superintendents
of Training Schools (later named
National League of Nursing Educa-
tion), 23, 49–50
American studies, 10
Amurao, Corazon, 121, 124, 126, 127,
128–39; appearance/demeanor of,
130–31, 141, 147; in Born to Raise
Hell, 138; court testimony by, 129–
30; life after the murders, 131, 131–
32, 222 n.37; portrayals of, 128–29,
130–31, 147, 222 n.29; Speck on,
134; Speck’s identification by, 128,
129; survival by/mythical status of,
123, 132–33
ana (American Nurses Association;
formerly Nurses’ Associated Alum-
nae of the United States and Can-
ada), 23, 49–50; and American vs.
foreign nurses, 172–73, 174–75;
Commission on Nursing Services,
172–73, 174, 175; and the evp, 64–
65, 74, 80, 90, 209–10 nn.3, 4, 5,
212 nn.38, 39; and nopnaus, 185;
on the nursing shortage, 78, 213
n.53; on prescreening examinations
for foreign nurses, 173; on recruit-
ment practices, 173; on salaries, 78;
on sbtpe testing, 172, 174–75;
xenophobia in, 167
Ang Katipunan, 148, 160
Ango√, Allan, 138
ansap (Association of Nursing Ser-
vice Administrators of the Philip-
pines), 112–13
Appadurai, Arjun, 95
Aragon, Leonor Malay, 111
Aragon, Weveline, 169–70
Armed Forces of the Philippines, 156
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