Lit. original dweller. Adopted by radicals among the
tea labour community in Assam, in emulation of groups in today’s
Jharkhand and Chattisgarh regions, where their ancestors originated.
Also known as Tea Tribes, after the o≈cial usage modelled on the 6th
Schedule of the Indian Constitution. Sometimes the term baganiya
(people of the bagan/garden) is also used.
Short-maturing rice, suitable for dry farming. Often cultivated with
Agent or clerk.
A monetary unit equal to one-sixteenth of a rupee.
Indians who had some connection with the British, through em-
ployment or the wearing of westernized attire. Used by the British as a
term of ridicule.
Shaman or ritual specialist for the Ahom community.
Male and female servile labour in the pre-colonial house-
Until the mid-nineteenth century this referred to any foreigner,
irrespective of ethnicity; later referred to an inhabitant of Bengal.
Military mercenary from eastern or northern India.
An Ahom o≈cial with jurisdiction over a department of state or a
khel of people, with the preﬁx indicating his responsibility (e.g. Hathi
Barua, the o≈cial in charge of the royal elephants). Later became a sur-
name, often with preﬁx dropped.
Respectable (lit. good man).
Monastic acolyte attached to the satras (Vaishnavite monasteries).
Devotion to God.
Language, usually the commonly spoken vernacular.
With matri (mother) as preﬁx, a new usage signifying mother-tongue.