INDEX
African National Congress, 287
Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, 186, 191
Albert, Bruce, 1
Albert Torres, Heloisa, 207, 220 n.13
Amazonia, Legal, 226, 246 n.8; program
on Indigenous land demarcation in,
226
American Anthropological Associa-
tion, 1, 17, 109; Ethics committee of,
1; Public Policy committee of, 28
n.20
Anthropologists. See Anthropology
Anthropology: and academic politics,
26, 162; Afrikaner, 24, 277–79, 291,
297; American, 3, 20, 21, 110–12, 116;
and autonomy, 9–10, 12, 262 n.21;
Brazilian, 13–14, 17, 23, 197, 199, 207,
209, 214, 218–19, 244; British Social,
3, 18, 23, 135–36, 139, 277; and colo-
nialism, 3, 30, 32, 36, 40, 41, 53–55,
60, 80, 143, 151, 163–64; consolida-
tion of, 13, 157, 159, 187, 209; contem-
porary debates in, 1–2, 7–8, 25–26,
108, 112, 128, 223, 257–59; co-optation
of, 4, 168, 170, 184–87, 191–93 (see
also Anthropology: and indigenism);
crisis of, 168, 171, 193; and critique, 3,
26 n.2, 115, 118, 163, 256; culture and
personality school of, 108, 112, 114,
116–17, 126; and denunciations, 4, 6;
and development, 248–60; and dif-
ference, 20; and empire-building,
18–21; ethical debates in, 2, 26; evo-
lutionist narratives and, 41; as exper-
tise, 5, 223–25, 227–33, 237–45, 245
n.1, 275; field of, 144–45, 193; French,
3, 21, 88, 102–103; Functionalist, 255;
and government policies, 5–6, 14, 17,
20, 26, 30, 90–92, 111, 170–71, 185, 129
n.2, 131 n.8, 145, 224–29, 242–45,
277–79; history of, 3, 108, 111–13, 128,
171; and identity, 26; and imperial-
ism, 19–20, 168; and indigenism,
169–71, 176–87, 189, 191–93, 197–219;
institutionalization in Brazil, 214;
internationalization of, 18, 21, 23;
and international relations, 18, 24,
108; Mexican, 19, 21, 167–71, 175–76,
178–87, 191–93; ‘‘militant,’’ 3; and
modernization, 189; national tradi-
tions in (see Anthropology: nation-
centered); and nation-building, 17–
18, 20, 91, 171–86, 193, 194 n.3;
nation-centered, 17–21, 23–24, 109–
12, 167–68; physical, 37, 44; political
applications of, 4, 40, 185, 130 n.3;
and politics, 7–8, 73; Portuguese, 20,
58, 60, 63, 79, 80, 81 n.2; and power
relations, 1–3, 16–18, 197–98, 241,
257; and professional identity, 12, 153;
‘‘pure’’ and ‘‘applied’’ dichotomy in,
8, 47–48, 91, 93–94, 111–12, 136,
138, 141, 145, 151, 153, 161, 164, 208,
258; rationalization of, 30; repro-
duction of, 135, 155, 201, 245; and
research in Africa, 30–32, 35–53, 135–
39, 144– 48, 153, 277–79, 285–97; role
of, in colonies, 139–40, 143–44, 153–
54, 164; and social change, 143; and
social engineering, 118–19; South
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