C
ross- cultural exchanges, debates, and confl icts have been at the
heart of this book. Rather than framing the relationships that
developed between missionaries in the north of Te Ika a Māui as sim-
ply “encounters” or “meetings,” I have read these relationships as en-
tanglements produced by the incorporation of Te Ika a Māui into the
commercial, religious, and po liti cal networks of the British empire
in the wake of Cook’s fi rst Pacifi c voyage. Even though New Zealand
was not formally colonized until 1840, Cook and his crew quickly
recognized New Zealand’s utility for empire. Th eir writings, maps,
sketches, engravings, and reports emphasized the commercial acuity
of Māori, as well as the potential of the islands of New Zealand for
imperial activity and future colonization. Of course, these inscriptive
artifacts— which circulated widely across Eu rope over the subsequent
decades— were themselves born out of the engagements between Brit-
ons and tāngata māori, but once they circulated within Eu rope, they
functioned as powerful mobilizations that helped convince British
moneymen, imperial agents, and missionaries of the opportunities
that the southern Pacifi c off ered. Textual production and circulation
helped lay the foundations for the making of empire itself.
But it was the kidnapping of Tuki and Huru in 1792 that initiated
sustained contact and durable relationships between Bay of Islands
Conclusion
bodies and the entanglements
of empire
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