aPPenDix 1
Some Theses in Order of Appearance in the Text
Thesis 1
[404] (See figure 3.) I use the term “world system” to refer to the inter-
regional system (if by “region” is understood a high culture or civilizing sys-
tem) in its global or planetary, present phase, which is the result of four stages
according to my interpretation:
a. In a first stage, the interregional system was only the structure of the rela-
tions of the Egyptian- Mesopotamian region (§I.1). India, China, and Amer-
india (§I.2) were not yet directly connected.
b. In a second stage, the interregional system grew, covering from the
Mediterranean and the north of Africa to the Middle East, India, and China,
across the Eurasian steppes (the regions that were influenced by the Indo-
Europeans). This “interregional” system was hegemonized or had as its con-
necting center the Persian or Hellenistic world of the Selec and the Ptole-
maics1 (§I.3).
c. In a third stage, the Christian, the first Byzantium, and Muslim world
replaced the Hellenistic one and became the hinge of the entire system (from
China and India to the Mediterranean) (§I.4).
d. In a fourth stage, peripheral Europe replaced the Turkish- Muslim world
and came to constitute the first proper “world system” (§I.5), making Amer-
india its first periphery.
In an abstract and simplified manner, I will for now use the terms “center”
and “periphery” to refer to the cultural horizons of “life worlds” (see the sec-
ond section of the introduction), which are determined by their “place” within
the world system that has extended its reach since the end of the fifteenth
century. The “center” of this system is constituted today by the countries of
the North (Western Europe, the United States, and Japan). China and Russia
maintain a special position. The rest is the “periphery.”
Previous Page Next Page