absence, representational trope of New
World and, 50–58
absolute state, Hobbes on, 70–78
Acosta, José de, 55–56
adaptation, Rousseau on, 111–13
Aemulatio (emulation), Foucault and,
46–48
Africa: Hegel’s dismissal of, 161–62;
Hume on, 134–35; Rousseau on, 102,
110–11
Against Race (Gilroy), 229
agency: Man as locus of, 191–210; politi-
cal society and, 97–101; Rousseau on,
111–15; supernatural and, 179–80; wild
children and, 203–4
agriculture, Classical representations
of, 205
ahistorical concept: Classical history
and, 135–37; “despotism of custom”
and, 151–65; European view of India
as, 127; Locke’s state of nature and,
97–100
Albinus, Bernhard, 138
All-India Census, 219
Also a Philosophy of History (Herder), 152
Amazons, 180–81, 186
America in Europe: History of the New
World in Reverse (Arciniegas), 176
analogy, Foucault on, 46–48
Ancient Law (Maine), 168–69
Anderson, Benedict, 28
androgynes, 180–81
animal breeding, Classical representa-
tions of, 205
Anthropological Society of London,
216, 255n123
anthropology: in India, 13–17, 219; race
concepts and, 174
anthropometrical data: colonial use of, 2;
racial theory and, 213, 219–26, 256n136
anthropophagi, 52–53
antipathy, Foucault on, 46–48
antiquity, Indian representation of,
125–27
index
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