notes
Unless otherwise noted, translations of Spanish- language quotations are my own.
Preface
1. For a more detailed history of the building, see Emilio Reug de Leuchsenring, La
Casa de Gobierno o Palacio Municipal de la Habana (Havana: n.p., 1961).
2. Th e Cuban poet Nancy Morejón vividly links the building to the history of colo-
nial violence in her poem “Negro” of 1986: “Your hair, / for some, / Was the dev il’s
work from hell; / But the hummingbird / Built its nest there, unheeding, / When you
were hanging at the end of the gallows, / In front of the Governor Generals’ Pal-
ace. / Th ey did say that the dust of the road / Made you disloyal and purplish.” Looking
Within / Mirar adentro: Selected Poems / Poemas escogidos, 1954– 2000, ed. Juanamaría
Cordones- Cook (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2003), 167.
3. Fernando Ortiz, Martí y las razas (Havana: Publicaciones de la Comisión nacio-
nal organizadora de los actos y ediciones del centenario y del monumento de Martí,
1953), 6. Published in En glish as “Cuba, Martí, and the Race Problem,” Phylon 3:3
(1942): 253– 276.
4. On Martínez Campos, see José Ibáñez Marín, Monumento al General Martínez
Campos (Madrid: Establecimiento Tipográfi co “El Trabajo,” 1906); Antonio Navarro
Martín, Glorias de España: Opúsculo sobre la pacifi cación de Cuba (Mexico City:
Imprenta Poliglota de Carlos Ramiro, 1878); and T. Ochando, El general Martínez
Campos en Cuba (Madrid: Imprenta de Fortanet, 1878).
5. Ortiz, Martí y las razas, 7.
6. Ortiz, Martí y las razas, 27.
7. See, for example, Kathryn Burns, “Gender and the Politics of Mestizaje: Th e
Convent of Santa Clara in Cuzco, Peru,” Hispanic American Historical Review 78:1
(1998): 5– 44; and María Elena Martínez, Genealogical Fictions: Limpieza de Sangre,
Religion, and Gender in Colonial Mexico (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008),
chap. 6.
Introduction A Faithful Account
1. Marial Iglesias Utset, Las metáforas del cambio en la vida cotidiana: Cuba, 1898–
1902 (Havana: Ediciones Unión, 2003), 28.
2. Jeremy Adelman gives up- front attention to these contingencies in Sovereignty
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