Index
abolition. See emancipation, Moret Law,
slavery
Abreu Cardet, José, 94
Adelin, Eustaquio, 112
Adelman, Jeremy, 10– 11, 14
Africa: diasporic links to, 4, 8, 155– 56;
image of, in colonial politics in, 29, 33,
72– 76,144, 185, 197– 98, 218; po liti cal
iconography derived from, 73– 75, 229n19.
See also free people of color, slavery,
Unión Africana
African Americans (U.S.) in War of 1898,
155– 56, 210– 11
Age of Revolutions, 1, 15, 19, 53, 83
agency, 2, 7, 12, 53, 56,72, 119, 225. See also
loyalty, will
Agramonte, Ignacio, 102
Aguilera, Andres, 112
Aguilera, Francisco, 112
aguinaldos, 73– 74. See also Día de los Reyes
(King’s Day festivities)
Alcántara, Pedro de, 37, 41– 42
Anderson, Benedict, 71, 130. See also nation
and nationalism
Andueza, J.M., 71
Aponte Rebellion of 1812, 33, 35, 84. See also
free people of color, militias of color,
slaves
Arango y parreño, Francisco, 25, 27, 32
Arce, Luis Marion de, 36– 37
Argüelles, Agustín de, 26– 27, 29
Arillaga, Juan María, 124– 25
Arimao, 123, 208
Aristegui, Bruno, 67– 68
army, Cuban. See Cuban in de pen dence
army, Spanish. See Spain
Arredondo, Martín de, 91
Arroyo Hondo, 102, 104
Article 3. See Moret Law
associations: Masonic, 63– 64, 193– 201;
and imperial solidarities, 136– 41, 172;
in Cienfuegos, 79– 82, 141– 50, 171; in
Havana, 136– 41; in Santiago, 130– 36;
laws regarding, 143, 166– 68, 179, 183;
surveillance of, 73, 80,136. See also Pact of
Zanjón, public sphere, respectability,
sociedadedes de color
Atkins, Edwin F., 166
Autonomist Party. See Partido Liberal
Autonomista
autonomy: 1898 establishment of, 208– 9; as
po liti cal goal, 7, 95, 99, 158– 59, 171, 202;
1898. See also Partido Liberal Autono-
mista
ayuntamientos, 151, 219– 20; of Cienfuegos,
46, 77, 79, 98, 121– 22, 145– 46, 151– 53, 175,
183; of Havana, 25, 27, 31, 52, 85– 86, 140;
of Holguín, 84; of Santa Clara, 139; of
Santiago, 134
Batrell Oviedo, Ricardo, 206, 209
Bayamo, 34, 50, 88, 97, 112, 147
Beattie, Peter, 126
Benjamin, Walter, 86
Bernabeu, José, 204
Bernhardt, Sarah, 184
Betancourt, Manuela, 118– 19
Bhabha, Homi, 93
blackface, 98– 99. See also bufo theater
Black Legend, 104
Bolívar, María Antonia, 40, 63
Bolívar, Simón, 3, 65; and pardocracy, 65
bomberos (fi remen), 86, 98, 132, 191; during
Ten Years’ War, 110, 120, 122, 124; during
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