Chapter 1: The American Sphinx and the Spanish War
1 Interview with Claude G. Bowers, Columbia University Oral History Pro
(1954), 125–26.
2 For the argument that Roosevelt was the greatest figure of his century see Bl
Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
3 Puzzo, Spain and the Great Powers, v; Weintrub, The Last Great Cause.
4 Mathews, Half of Spain Died, 173.
5 Carr, The Spanish Tragedy, 203.
6 Truman, Memoirs, 155; Ickes, The Secret Diary of Harold L. Ickes, vol. 3,
Mathews, Half of Spain Died, 177. See also Roosevelt, Complete Presidential P
Conferences of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 5 June 1940.
7 Welles, The Time for Decision, 306.
8 Dallek, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 143, 529.
9 Guttmann, ed., American Neutrality and the Spanish Civil War, 100.
10 Carroll, The Odyssey of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, 374–75.
11 Alfred Kazin, ‘‘The Wound That Will Not Heal,’’ 39–41.
12 Brown, ‘‘Idealism, Realpolitik or Domestic Politics.’’
13 Tierney, ‘‘Irrelevant or Malevolent?’’
14 Loewenheim and Feis, The Historian and the Diplomat, 95.
15 Flynn, Roosevelt and Romanism, 44–55; Brendon, The Dark Valley, 330.
16 Kanawada, Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Diplomacy and American Catholics, Itali
and Jews; Taylor, The United States and the Spanish Civil War.
17 Cole, Roosevelt and the Isolationists.
18 Traina, American Diplomacy and the Spanish Civil War.
19 Little, Malevolent Neutrality.
20 Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt, 272; Kinsella, Leadership in Isolation, 216.
21 Waltz, Theory of International Politics.
22 Cole, Roosevelt and the Isolationists, 234–37.
23 Halperin and Allison, ‘‘Bureaucratic Politics.’’
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