Index
Abraham Lincoln Battalion, 64, 147
Acheson, Dean, 147
African Americans, 65
Airpower: American, 79–80, 102, 104–8,
129; German, 20, 76–77, 79, 83–
85; Italian, 21, 84–85; Nationalist,
5; Soviet, 21. See also covert aid;
military aid
Alfonso XIII, King, 16
Alicante victory fiesta, 55
Allen, Bob, 123
Allen, Jay, 95, 99, 101
Anderson, Jane, 62–63
Anti-Comintern Pact, 15
Appeasement: by Chamberlain, 69, 76–
79, 115; dangers of, 95–96; FDR’s
views of, 29–30, 31, 77; of Mussolini,
29. See also Munich conference
Argentina, 22, 120
Armour, Norman, 144
Arms embargo, 54, 132–33; Ameri-
can public opinion and, 59, 89–90,
127–28, 136; Borah’s views of, 10;
Bowers’s views of, 53, 97, 101, 127;
British views of, 69, 95, 137; Bullitt’s
opposition to, 98; cabinet members’
opposition to, 92; Catholic views of,
5, 7, 70, 89–91, 99–101, 113, 128–30;
circumvention of, 102–3; congres-
sional activity concerning, 51–52,
92–93, 95, 100–102, 125–26, 128; en-
forcement against European fascists
of, 69–73, 91, 150, 155; enforcement
against Italy of, 27, 30; FDR’s regrets
over, 9, 86–87, 93–94, 99, 124, 13
138–39, 151; FDR’s support of, 45,
53, 98; Hull’s support of, 96, 97;
idealists vs. realists and, 40, 41–4
Kennedy’s support of, 98; Loyalist
defeat hastened by, 5; Mexican op
sition to, 94–95; nonmilitary trad
restrictions and, 52; Nye’s support
61; pro-Loyalist support of, 89, 91
repeal of, 93–95, 101, 124–25, 130
154; start of, 4; validity of, 72–73.
also covert aid; isolationism; milit
aid; nonintervention
Asturias, 16–17, 56
Atrocities, 33, 48
Attlee, Clement, 146
Austria, 76
Badajoz, 48
Baldwin, Stanley, 19, 69
Barcelona, 17, 41, 126
Baruch, Bernard, 92
Basque region, 56, 70, 80
Basque refugees, 63
Belchite, 57
Bell, Golden W., 125
Bensmann, Nick, 68–69
Berle, Adolf, 96, 104, 113, 117–18, 159,
188 n. 38
Bernard, John T., 52
Bertandias, Victor, 104
Bessie, Alvah, 85
Biddle, Francis, 80
Bingham, Robert, 70, 71
217
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