Many people have contributed to bringing this project to fruition. The
most direct contribution was that of Morton Horwitz. His initial en-
couragement was instrumental in persuading me to begin graduate
studies at the Harvard Law School, and he served as advisor for the
dissertation from which this book is adapted. As advisor, Morton
sharpened my analysis with his comments and questions, but he al-
ways allowed me to pursue my own ideas even when they diverged
from his own.
Other teachers and advisors have also made important contribu-
tions. The problem that I was assigned to complete for Welsh White's
criminal procedure class when I was a second-year law student at the
University of Virginia gave me the first glimpse of prohibition's im-
pact on federal criminal law. David Flaherty organized the legal his-
tory program at the University of Virginia that sparked my interest in
the subject, and his legal history course gave me the first opportunity
to analyze the impact of prohibition
on American law. When the
project almost died at an early stage, William Harbaugh agreed to
serve as a replacement advisor at the last moment so that the entrap-
ment section could become my M.A. thesis at the University of Vir-
A number of individuals assisted me in revising the dissertation for
publication. The late George Armstrong offered useful hints regarding
style, Gaines Foster read portions that were particularly difficult to
rewrite, Michael Blumm reviewed the manuscript and offered helpful
words of encouragement at a particularly discouraging point in the
process, and John Devlin graciously critiqued last-minute changes as
soon as they came out of the word processor. My research assistant,
Janet Britton, rechecked all the sources and proofread the entire
manuscript with great care. At the Duke University Press, Rachel Toor
has been the model of a supportive editor.
Over the years, librarians at various institutions-Harvard Law
School, the University of Virginia, Louisiana State University, and the
University of Richmond-provided much needed help. lowe particu-
lar thanks to Charlotte Melius and Madeline Hebert, research li-
brarians of the Paul M. Hebert Law Center of Louisiana State Univer-
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