Too many people have believed in this project.
In college, Steven Volk, William Hood, Patricia Mathews, Camille Guerin-Gon-
zalez, and William Norris encouraged me to pursue more time in school. I refused
and went to Chicago instead. Francisco X. Dominguez and Dan Kiss encouraged me
to consider telling stories about public health for a career after hearing me talk about
work in the Cook County Department of Public Health. Amita Vasudeva, Ingrid
Graf, Rani George, Joey Mogul, Dawn Moon, and Gawain deLeeuw shared my en-
thusiasm for Chicago. In graduate school, the faculty at the University of Michigan
made coursework, prelims, and the dissertation a delight. Kathleen Canning, Sonya
Rose, Jose Rabasa, Rebecca Scott, Earl Lewis, Sidney Chalhoub, Richard Candida
Smith, Maria Montoya, Sueann Caulﬁeld, Howard Markell, Michelle Mitchell, and
Fred Cooper pushed me in ways I am still learning to appreciate. George J. Sánchez
consistently modeled the joys of research and conversation. Martin S. Pernick en-
couraged me to think of epidemics in counterhegemonic fashions and asked me if
bodies can lie. I still ponder their questions, and I hope they can see some of the best
of themselves in this manuscript.
Graduate study would have been unthinkable without the ﬁnancial and profes-
sional support of the Mellon Foundation through the Mellon Minority Foundation
Fellowship at Oberlin College. The Rackham Graduate School provided the privilege
of exclusive attention to the wonderful courses oﬀered at the University of Michigan.
Research and travel funds from the Oﬃce of Academic and Multicultural Initia-
tives, the International Institute, and Rackham Graduate School facilitated travel to
Washington, D.C.; Chicago; San Juan, Puerto Rico; and Austin and El Paso, Texas.
Romance Languages and the Department of History gave me the opportunity to
teach in fascinating courses. The Graduate Employees Organization guaranteed
that this work got the ﬁnancial and professional recognition it deserved. The Social
Science Research Council International Migration to the United States Dissertation
Proposal Writing Workshop and the Latino Studies Graduate Student Fellowship
at the Smithsonian Institution aided the transition into dissertation research. The
1998 Latino Initiatives at the National Museum of American History ﬁnancially