Notes on Places, Peoples, and Diseases
1. Gloria Anzaldúa, Borderlands: The new Mestiza = la Frontera (San Francisco:
Aunt Lute Books, 2007), 25.
2. John Morán González, Border Renaissance: The Texas Centennial and the Emer-
gence of Mexican American Literature (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009).
3. Hernan Cortes, Cartas y relaciónes de Hernan Cortés al emperador Carlos V.,
(Paris: A. Chaix y Ca., 1868), 168–69, 172. Recent scholarship has started correct-
ing established spellings of Mexica and Talxcaltecan nobility. See Susan Schroeder,
“The Mexico That Spain Encountered,” in The Oxford History of Mexico, ed. William
Beezly (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), 75.
4. David Montejano, Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas, 1836–1986 (Aus-
tin: University of Texas Press, 1986), 5–6.
5. Interview with Señora X, December 6, 1979, conducted by Maria Nuckolss, Uni-
versity of Texas at El Paso, Institute of Oral History. From George Sánchez, Becoming
Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900–1945
(New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 56.
6. Dennis Váldes, “The Decline of Slavery in Mexico,” Americas 44, no. 2 (October
1987): 167–94; Douglas Cope, The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in
Colonial Mexico City (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994), 49–67.
7. Ramón Gutiérrez, “Hispanic Identities in the Southwestern United States,” in
Race and Classiﬁcation in Mexican America (Stanford: Stanford University Press,
2011), 174–94. I use the terms “Comanche,” “Apache,” “Navajo,” “Pueblo,” “Cherokee,”
and “Yaqui” for these Indian nations because they were the terms used in formal
diplomatic negotiations. Each of these groupings of nations have other terms in their
own languages to refer to themselves.
8. Charles Rosenberg, “Framing Disease: Illness, Society and History,” Framing
Disease: Studies in Cultural History (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1992),
9. Charles Briggs and Clara Mantini Briggs, Stories in the Time of Cholera: Racial
Proﬁling during a Medical Nightmare (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).