g l o s s a r y
¯ac¯ary¯a: preceptor; teacher
adankal: marma points that can be stimulated to undo the negative e√ects of
injury to other marma points
adharma: absence of dharma, unrighteousness
adhunik: modern
¯adiv¯as¯ı: indigenous, ‘‘tribal’’
agadatantra: toxicology; one of the eight branches of Ayurveda
agni: fire; one of the five pancamah¯ abh¯ uta; also digestion; also an element in the
body, of which there are thirteen types
ahamk¯ara: f self-identification, ego
¯ak¯asá: ether; one of the five pancamah¯ abh¯uta
¯ama: undigested food residue that can contribute to illness
¯amav¯at: an illness similar to rheumatoid arthritis
amla: sour; one of the five flavors
amrtas¯agar: f a book of medicinal formulae
an¯ac¯ar: improper conduct
anuloman: moving in the direction of the grain; in Ayurveda the proper down-
ward direction of v¯ayu in the abdomen
anum¯an: inference; one of the means of knowledge within Ayurveda
anyadway: every other day, as in the fever that recurs every twenty-four hours
ap¯ana: one of the five types of v¯ayu; it regulates downward motion in the
apasm¯ara: an illness similar to epilepsy
Arogya´sik´sa: a turn-of-the-century Indian health manual
arth: entity, meaning, object of perception, wealth
¯asana: posture, especially of hatha yoga
Aaaa˙ s nga Samgraha: a one of the three earliest Ayurvedic texts
asthi: bone; one of the seven dh¯atu
suddh: impure
svagandha: a well-known Ayurvedic herb used in the treatment of numerous ail-
ments (Withania somnifera)
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