Index
aacm (Association for Advancement
of Creative Music), 45, 46,
51–54
abstractionism, 207, 209, 211–13
academia, 306
African American artists in Eu rope,
29, 49, 53, 286, 304; Wright, Richard,
299–306
African American fiction, 285–86
African Friends Group, 235
Afrika Bambaataa, 51
Afro- Caribbeans in Britain, 312
Afro- futurism, 177, 216, 218, 330–41
Afro- punk, 216, 218
Afro- surrealism, 216
Ai, 3
aids, 79, 249, 291–92
Alabama, 68, 69, 110–12, 116, 123–24,
211, 280
Allen, Harry, 4
Allen, Jeffrey Renard: Rails under My
Back, 315–17
Als, Hilton, 4
Alvin Ailey Com pany, 13
Andre 3000, 252–53
Apollo Theater, 53
appropriation, 30, 222
Ards, Angela, 4, 172
Armstrong, Louis, 41–42, 58–59, 102,
213
Arnett, William, 116, 124
Art Ensemble of Chicago, 45, 46, 49,
50, 55
art world, 73–77, 81–82, 120, 128, 208,
209, 212, 228; racial discrimination
in, 113–18, 206, 211. See also indi-
vidual artists
astrology, 59–60, 243, 244
avant- garde jazz, 43, 49; Bowie,
Lester, 44–50, 54; Morris, Butch,
55–57
Ayler, Albert, 12, 35, 54
Bad Brains, 3
bag (Black Artists’ Group), 50–55; In
Paris, Aries, 53–56
Bailey, Xenobia, 26
Baker, Josephine, 29, 63
Baldwin, James, 2, 16, 194, 270, 301,
304. See also Wright, Richard
Banks, Azealia, 177–79; Fantasea mix-
tape, 178
Banks, Mikel, 191
Banneker, Benjamin, 338
Baraka, Amina, 12, 124
Baraka, Imamu Amiri, 2, 4, 6, 9–16, 57,
124, 299–306; Black Fire, 12; Black
Magic Poetry, 12; A Black Mass, 12;
Black Music, 12; Congress for African
People, 14; Digging, 15; League of
Revolutionary Strug gle, 14; Nation
Time, 4; Poet Laureate, 14; Revolu-
tionary Communist League, 14; Slave
Ship, 12; Somebody Blew Up Amer i ca,
14; Spirit House Movers, 12; Tales of
the Out and the Gone, 12. See also
Jones, Everett Leroi
Barnes, Djuna, 322
Barnes, Ernie, 232
Barnes, Lewis “Flip,” 31, 189
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