Notes on Contributors
José Julián Álvarez González is a professor at the University of Puerto Rico School of Law. His
publications include ‘‘The Empire Strikes Out: Congressional Ruminations on the Citizenship
Status of Puerto Ricans,’’ Harvard Journal on Legislation 27 (1990): 309, and ‘‘The Protection of Civil
Rights in Puerto Rico,’’ Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law 6 (1989): 68.
Roberto Aponte Toro is a professor at the University of Puerto Rico School of Law. He is a former
member of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and was Executive
Director of the U.P.R. School of Law Trust Fund from 1991 to 1998. He is the author of Amor a la
Christina Du√y Burnett holds a J.D. from Yale Law School and an M.Phil. in Political Thought and
Intellectual History from Cambridge University. She is the author of ‘‘The Case for Puerto Rican
Decolonization,’’ Orbis: A Journal of World A√airs (Summer 2001). She recently served as a law clerk
on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and is currently a Research Associate in the
Program in Law and Public A√airs at Princeton University.
José A. Cabranes is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. His
publications include Citizenship and the American Empire (1979), a legislative history of the United
States citizenship of the people of Puerto Rico, and Fear of Judging: Sentencing Guidelines in the
Federal Courts (with Kate Stith) (1998).
Sanford Levinson is the W. St. John Garwood and W. St. John Garwood, Jr. Regents Chair in Law at
the University of Texas Law School. He is the author of Constitutional Faith (1988) and Written in
Stone: Public Monuments in Changing Societies (1998); the editor of Responding to Imperfection: The
Theory and Practice of Constitutional Amendment (1995); and a co-editor, with Akhil Reed Amar,
Jack Balkin, and Paul Brest, of Processes of Constitutional Decisionmaking (4th ed. 2000), and, with
Jack Balkin, of Legal Canons (2000).
Burke Marshall is Nicholas deB. Katzenbach Professor Emeritus of Law and George W. Crawford
Professorial Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School. He was the Assistant Attorney General of the
United States in the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice from 1961 to 1965. He is
the author of Federalism and Civil Rights (1965) and the editor of A Workable Government? The
Constitution After 200 Years (1987).
Gerald L. Neuman is Herbert Wechsler Professor of Federal Jurisprudence at Columbia Law School
and the author of Strangers to the Constitution: Immigrants, Borders, and Fundamental Law (1996).