Aberdeen Proving Ground (U.S. Army), 174
accident discourse, 8– 14; accident defini-
tions, 11, 17, 19– 22, 49– 51, 54, 82; accident
theory, 47– 52, 54– 55; crash- injury focus,
143– 44, 156– 62; crash- testing and, 185,
191– 92, 193– 94; crashworthiness focus,
164– 67, 169– 71; forensic mythology and,
106; human- error focus, 148– 56, 158, 166,
169, 187– 89; inevitability of accidents, 15,
161, 171– 74, 188, 189– 90, 193– 94; prospec-
tive orientation and, 87– 88. See also Aris-
totle; causation and causal determinism;
liability
Accidents in History (Cooter and Luckin,
eds.), 14
acoustics, 66– 67
actuarial sciences, 14
Adams, Charles Francis, Jr., 56– 57, 61
Adams, Henry, 12– 13
Adas, Michael, 27
Adorno, Theodor, 29, 82
Aeromedical Field Laboratory (Holloman Air
Force Base), 163– 64, 165– 66, 167, 188. See
also Stapp, John Paul
Aeronautical Research Laboratories (Defence
Science and Technology Organisation,
Australian Department of Defence), 116,
125– 26, 127. See also arl Flight Memory
Recorder
Air Disaster (Job), 126
Air France Flight 447 (2009 disappearance),
3– 6, 23
Aldrich, Mark, 46
American Heritage of Invention and Technology
(journal), 135
American Society of Civil Engineers (asce),
31– 32
anthropometric photography. See mug shots
Antonioni, Michelangelo, 211– 12
Apology (Plato), 139
Arendt, Hannah, 29, 218n82
Aristotle: accident definition, 49; dismissal
of the accidental, 8, 9, 50– 51; substance-
accident binary, 48–50, 220n75
arl Flight Memory Recorder, 117, 119; back-
ground noise, 134; descriptions, 117– 18,
120, 125– 26; goals of, 116– 17, 118, 128– 29;
“immediate cut- out,” 117, 137; surveillance
concerns, 120– 22, 125, 126
audile technique, 135
authenticity, 71– 72, 81; cockpit voice record-
ing and, 129– 30, 132, 136; indexicality and,
22– 23, 81, 129, 132
auto- accident discourse. See accident dis-
course; reconstruction of auto accidents
Auto Crash Studies (itte), 193– 94
automaticity: dangers of, 207; flight- data re-
corders and, 97– 101, 104– 5, 116, 121, 126;
graphic method and, 67– 68, 71– 72, 105;
importance of, 71– 72, 81; phonautograph
and, 66; photography and, 209– 10
Automotive Crash Forces project (Aeromedi-
cal Field Laboratory), 166
autoptic vision, 16, 24, 37, 39, 161, 197. See
Index
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