See Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation (1969).
2 See, e.g., Michael Zurn,
Bringing the Second Image (Back) In: About the Domestic
Sources of Regime Formation,
in Regime Theory and International Relations 282-
3II (Volker Rittberger ed., 1993).
See, generally, Francis A. Boyle,
International Law and the Use of Force: Beyond
in Ideas and Ideals: Essays on Politics in Honor of Stanley Hoffmann
376-94 (Linda B. Miller & Michael Joseph Smith eds., 1993). This article is reprinted
as the Appendix to this book with the permission of Westview Press.
r The Legalist Approach
See Francis A. Boyle,
The Irrelevance of International Law: The Schism between
International Law and International Politics,
Cal. W. Int'l L.J. 193 (1980) [herein-
after cited as Boyle,
For an analysis of the relationship between inter-
national political realism and the American legal realist movement of the 1920S and
1930S, see Henry Steiner and Detlev Vagts, Transnational Legal Problems 346-52 (2d
2 See, generally, Hans Morgenthau, Politics among Nations 4-15 (5th ed. 1973). But
James B. Scott,
Lawyer-Secretaries of Foreign Relations of the United States,
J. Int'l L. 942-46 (1909) (the great U.S. secretaries of state were lawyers). Hereinafter
American Journal of International Law
will be cited as
3 Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
(Michael Oakeshott ed., 1962).
4 See H. Morgenthau, In Defense of the National Interest 144 (1951)·
See President Wilson's State Papers and Addresses 464-72 (Albert Shaw ed., 1918).
6 See Jean-Jacques Rousseau,
the Origin and Foundations of Inequality
in The First and Second Discourses 77 (Roger D. Masters ed.,
7 See, e.g., Edward H. Carr, The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919-1939 at 22-40 (2d ed. 1946).
8 Treaty of Versailles, June 28, 1919, 2 Bevans 42, 225 Parry's T.S. 188, reprinted in 13
151 (Supp. 1919).
9 See, e.g., Denna F. Fleming, The United States and the League of Nations 1918-1920,