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n o t e s
Introduction: The Invert, the Foundling, and the ‘‘Member of the Tribe’’
By focusing on these three terms—invert, foundling, ethnic—I do not mean
suggest that the only idiom available for describing gay male and lesbian id
tities in the early part of the twentieth century was a sexological one, impo
from without. Historians of lesbian and gay culture have described a vast
ray of early-twentieth-century queer identities whose terms were generated
queer subcultures themselves. George Chauncey alone reports on a vast ar
of identities encompassed by the ‘‘bachelor subculture’’ of s and s N
York, which included working-class sailors living in tenements or in the 
as well as single businessmen living in apartment hotels. He also describes m
male relationships based on feminine-masculine gender roles, such as the
feminine ‘‘fairies’’ would offer for sale to masculine sailors, the entertainm
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