Primary Sources: Official Documents
One ofthe first indications that a study on the legal status ofCuban women
was feasible was the wealth of government records in the United States
dating from
The Library of Congress is the main
repository for C:;uban documents with materials ranging from a nearly
complete set of the congressional debates, complete records of the laws,
deliberations of the
constitutional assembly, speeches of General
Gerardo Machado encouraging the passage ofthe
constitution, micro-
filmed newspapers and magazines, and a complete set of Cuban censuses.
The Organization of American States Library, and especially the Office of
the Interamerican Commission of Women, has numerous studies on the
legal, economic, and work statuses ofwomen, which provide comparisons of
women throughout Latin America. Other government agencies such as the
U.S. Department of Labor and international bodies such as the United
Nations also conducted special reports on women.
Congressional Debates
collection ofthe Cuban congressional debates is shared by a number of
U.S. libraries with the majority deposited in the Library of Congress. The
Diario de Sesiones de la Camara along with an index for promulgated laws is
complete and in the Library of Congress. The Hoover Library and the
Library of Congress share the volumes for the Diario de Sesiones del Senado
with a volume spread as follows-Library of Congress:
54-, 57-;
Hoover Library:
(One drawback to using the congressional
debates is that there is no index of the contents of daily floor debates.)
The Organization of American States Documents
The Pan American Union established the Interamerican Women's Commis-
sion in
Since then the commission has both lobbied for and written
studies on the legal and economic statuses ofwomen in Latin America. The
Cuban delegation was particularly active in these efforts before
resulted in rich materials on Cuba. The Organization of American States
Library contains all records from the commission as well as records of the
general assembly proceedings affecting women. The library also contains
other precious documents such as summaries of the national Cuban's
women's congresses, and it contains political manifestos of the Union
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