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atin America Otherwise: Languages, Empires, Nations is a critical series.
aims to explore the emergence and consequences of concepts used
to define "Latin America" while at the same time exploring the broad
interplay of political, economic, and cultural practices that have shaped
Latin American worlds. Latin America, at the crossroads of competing
imperial designs and local responses, has been construed as a geocultural
and geopolitical entity since the nineteenth century. This series provides a
starting point to redefine Latin America as a configuration of political, lin-
guistic, cultural, and economic intersections that demand a continuous re-
appraisal of the role of the Americas in history, and of the ongoing process
of globalization and the relocation of people and cultures that have char-
acterized Latin America's experience. Latin America Otherwise: Languages,
Empires, Nations is a forum that confronts established geocultural construc-
tions, that rethinks area studies and disciplinary boundaries, that assesses
convictions of the academy and of public policy, and that, correspondingly,
demands that the practices through which we produce knowledge and
understanding about and from Latin America be subject to rigorous and
critical scrutiny.
From Two Republics to One Divided studies a range of predicaments that
haunted the making (and unmaking) of the nineteenth-century Peruvian
nation-state. These predicaments, as Mark Thurner demonstrates, were
rooted in the contradiction between the cultural politics of Spain's colonial
enterprise and the camouflaged cultural politics of the Peruvian liberal state.
The Peruvian Republic's ideology of statecraft denied ethnic categories any
role in government: "Indian" did not officially exist. Nevertheless, in the
practice of government, the Republic had to take those categories into ac-
count. Reflecting on postcolonial theory, Thurner is able to carve analytical
space for the unimagined of both Republican historiography and of Repub-
lican politics. Because he envisions the transformation of the Viceroyalty
of Peru into a modern nation-state from a local perspective, Thurner is
uniquely able to amplify these analytical predicaments: he can assess peasant
engagement with elite Republican political worlds as he recasts disciplinary
methodologies. He does so with a critical use of anthropology, history, and
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