index
Able Archer, 142–43
abm (Anti- Ballistic Missile) Treaty, 53, 59,
226, 228
Abrahamson, James, 147
Abramowitz, Mort, 206–7
acceleration (Gorbachev early strategy),
172–73
Adamyshin, Anatoliy, 68, 75–76, 236, 237
Afanasyev, Yuriy, 186
Af ghan i stan: April Revolution, 99; conse-
quences for the USSR, 211; and Gor-
bachev, 208–10; Herat uprising, 100;
Soviet attacks on civilian population,
206; Soviet casualties hidden, 98; num-
ber of Soviet casualties, 210; Soviet
decision- making, 102; Soviet invasion,
96–97; Soviets withdrawal, 209; after
Soviet withdrawal, 211–12; US- Soviet
dispute on aid to clients, 210
United States: impact of US Stinger
anti- aircraft missiles, 207; reaction, 103
Aganbegyan, Abel, 173
Akromeyev, Sergei: debunks 1983 “war
scare,” 143; devises 1986 Soviet nuclear
arms control proposal, 205; Gor-
bachev adviser on arms control, 232;
inf Treaty, 153, 233; informed about
Chernobyl nuclear accident, 177;
informs Politburo that Soviets have
lost in Af ghan i stan, 209; Malta sum-
mit, 268; positive after first meeting
with Gorbachev as general secretary,
171; rejects deployment of automatic
nuclear launch system, 162; Reykjavik
meeting (1986), 226; Soviet military
doctrine, 327; WW II experiences, 16
Albats, Yevgenia, 300
Aleksandrov- Agentov, Andrei M., 48, 51, 52,
88, 121
Alekseyeva, Lyudmila, 26, 70, 72
Allen, Richard, 131
Amalrik, Andrei, 70
Ames, Aldrich, 213–14
Amin, Hafizullah, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100
Amstutz, J. Bruce, 101
Andreyeva, Nina (letter attacking
Gorbachev), 191–92, 194
Andropov, Yuri: Af ghan i stan, 96, 102, 104;
aids Gorbachev, 125; Brezhnev’s death,
114; Diamond Affair, 118; discipline
campaign, 122–23; on economy, 124–25;
enigmatic character, 119–20; as general
secretary, 120–21; Helsinki Final Act,
69; illness, 126–27; kal shootdown,
138, 139; memo on US- Soviet relations
(1971), 45; moves against dissidents,
39–40; national security troika, 115;
operation ryan, 140–41, 158, 329;
opposes removal of “diploma tax,” 60;
Polish crisis (1980–81), 109, 110, 111
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