Index
Administration of Justice Program, 224
Africa, 293n
African American, 161–62, 173, 199, 270,
277n, 283n, 284n; troops in Haiti, 296n
Agriculture, 64, 69, 136
aids (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syn-
drome), 162, 200–3, 205, 271, 291n, 292n
American, definition of, 285n; ‘‘American-
ness,’’ 6
American Dream, the, 2–3
American Jews, 195
American Revolution, 206, 283n
Americanization, 157, 172, 289n
Americas Watch, 285n, 287n
Amnesty International, 287n
Anarchy, 292n
Ancestral homeland, 5, 21, 22, 129, 157, 163, 174
Ancestral loyalty, 5
Anderson, Benedict, 24, 275n, 281n
Anti-Duvalier activity, 111–12, 117–19, 204
Anti-Semitism, 128
Appadurai, Arjun, 19, 29
‘‘Apparent state,’’ 29, 236; definition of, 27,
210–12; and Haitian leaders, 230; and illu-
sion of sovereignty, 210–14; and refu-
gees, 221; and subaltern agendas, 270
Aristide, Jean-Bertrand, 12, 31, 77, 107, 110,
119–22, 149–50, 163, 165, 170, 183, 192, 195,
201–5, 227, 256, 285n; and aspirations of
the poor, 242; betrayal by, 229; Catholic
Church, 256; competition for power,
295n; election, 192–93; foreign lenders,
211–12; government subsidies, 291n;
grassroots movements, 221; minimum
wage, 294n; overthrow by military coup,
122, 193, 201, 205, 222, 283n, 285n; per-
sonal enrichment, 228–29; and policy on
dual citizenship, 244; return to power,
224
Assimilationist theory, 289n
Association of Aux Cayes, 233
Aux Cayes, 1, 5, 50–64, 68, 77, 83–84, 123,
142, 161, 166–70, 177, 188–89, 192, 233,
242, 250; clergy, 288n
‘‘Bad faith,’’ 79, 91
Battle of Vertieres, ` 115, 218
Bilingual education, 200
Black: comparison with Jews, 261; identity,
284n; nation, 182, 206, 221, 260; national-
ism, 278n; power movement, 113; solidar-
ity, 293n; state, 183, 187
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