Chapter 1: The Rhythm Within
2 Women who work late shifts: For some examples of research in this area,
see Scott Davis, Dana K. Mirick, and Richard G. Stevens, ‘‘Night Shift Work,
Light at Night, and Risk of Breast Cancer,’’ Journal of the National Cancer
Institute 93, no. 20 (October 17, 2001): 1557–62; L. G. P. M. van Amelsvoort, E.
G. Schouten, A. C. Maan, C. A. Swenne, and F. J. Kok, ‘‘Changes In Frequency
of Premature Complexes and Heart Rate Variability Related To Shift Work,’’
Occupational and Environmental Medicine 58 (October 2001): 678–81; and Eva
S. Schernhammer, Francine Laden, Frank E. Speizer, Walter C. Willett, David J.
Hunter, Ichiro Kawachi, Charles S. Fuchs, and Graham A. Colditz, ‘‘Night-Shift
Work and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Nurses’ Health Study,’’ Journal of the
National Cancer Institute 95, no. 11 (June 4, 2003): 825–28.
3 Even suicide: See George Maldonado and Jess F. Kraus, ‘‘Variation in Sui-
cide Occurrence by Time of Day, Day of Week, Month and Lunar Phase,’’
Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior 21, no. 2 (summer 1991): 174–87; and
M. R. Eastwood and J. Peacocke, ‘‘Seasonal Patterns of Suicide, Depression and
Electroconvulsive Therapy,’’ British Journal of Psychiatry 129 (November 1976):
472–75. Over a century after its publication, Durkheim’s study of suicide, with
its emphasis on its predictable rhythms, still makes for compelling reading. See
Emile Durkheim, Suicide: A Study in Sociology, translated by John A. Spaulding
and George Simpson (New York: Free Press, 1951).
4 Leo Kofler, the most influential: See Leo Kofler, Art of Breathing as the
Basics of Tone Production (Kila, Mont.: Kessinger Publishing Company, un-
dated [1887]); especially pp. 14–17.
5 Aldous Huxley, in his book: Aldous Huxley, The Devils of Loudun (New
York: Barnes and Noble, 1996), p. 298.
6 The Temiar people: Marina Roseman, Healing Sounds from the Malaysian
Rainforest (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991), p. 15.
6 ‘‘There is no stage’’: Jayne M. Standley and Cli√ord K. Madsen, Com-
parison of Infant Preferences and Responses to Auditory Stimuli: Music,
Mother and Other Female Voice,’’ in Research in Music Therapy: A Tradition of
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