Index
327
word of, 26; wenyi (epidemics) via,
beliefs about, 25–26, 40–42, 45,
88–89. See also contagion
chuanranbing (infectious disease): dis-
orders of, 96–97; eight classes of,
99–100; legal institution of, 97,
99–100; modern category of, Man-
churian plague in creating, 9, 74–75,
93–94, 99, 249; modern international
surveillance system over, 95; notifi-
able, 94–97, 99; notifiable infectious
disease vs., 106n100
chuanshi (corpse transmission), 32–33, 38
chuan transmission of disease, 32–33
chuanzhu (outpour transmission), 32–34
Civilization, Chinese and Christian (Faber),
63
class structure: elites within the empire,
155; in modern midwifery, 172–73, 176
climate: in classical Chinese medicine, 8,
242, 244–46, 249–50; determining
otherness with, 111–13; epidemics
(wenyi) and, 238, 240–41, 242; identity
and, 115; racial determinism and, 249;
SARS outbreak and, 242; SARS treat-
ment and, 244–46; tropical, and effect
on health, 110–16, 125, 136. See also
environment
Cochrane Center, 247
Cold Damage (shanghan), 8, 31, 36, 42,
240
Cold Damage (shanghan) doctrine, 9, 25
Collingham, E. M., 124
A Colonial Lexicon (Hunt), 140
colonial medical research, 140. See also
Unit 731
colonial public health and hygiene: be-
nevolent vs. coercive, 275–76; evil
associated with, 139, 140; historians
approaches to, 132; introduction over-
view, 11–15; volume conclusion, 274–
77. See also Japan, colonial project of
hygienic modernity
colonizer-colonized relation: boundaries
of, blurring of and crossing, 133, 140;
introduction overview, 14; medical
atrocities in, 140, 141–42, 155; mid-
wifery education, 179n57; public
health policy, exclusivity in, 137, 188–
89
Complete Essentials of Materia Medica
(Bencao beiyao) (Wang), 168
consumption (lao or zhai), 32, 35
contagion: chuanran vs., 27–28, 45, 90;
environment and, 27, 29; germ theory
integration, 249; historical understand-
ing of, 26–27; modern understandings
of, 27; overview of, 8–9; rituals to
prevent, 35; root meaning, 28
contamination (ran), 28–31, 33, 36
corpses: desecration of, 139, 144–45, 153;
polluting effect of, 32, 35, 38, 41, 44
cosmopolitan medicine, 161, 177n2, 273
cosmopolitan midwifery, 161
cosmopolitan science, 4, 161
cremation, 83, 145–46
Crozier, Ralph, 274
Cui Yueli Center for Traditional Medicine
Research, 244
Cultural Revolution, 205
Cunningham, Andrew, 75
Dagong Bao, 25, 44
Dalian, public health protections in,
136–37
danger of bad milk, 33–34
danger-safety framework, 258, 264, 270,
272n21
D’Antonio, Michael, 194
Daoism, disease-transmission beliefs,
35–36
Darwin, Charles, 117
Delaporte, François, 27
Deng Kunhe, 60
Diamond, Jared, 249
diet: of British poor and laboring class,
126; Chinese, 109, 112–16, 119–27;
European’s health in China and, 109,
112–16, 119–22; identity and, 110; racial
character and, 116–19, 122–26; SARS
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