Index
Abie’s Irish Rose, 186–188
Abraham Lincoln Battalion, 132
Addams, Jane, 109, 113–114
affirmative action, white ethnic opposition
to, 174
afl. See
American Federation of Labor
African Americans, 13, 15–16, 19–20, 23, 25, 125,
132, 135, 146, 148–149, 151, 156–162, 164–173,
177, 199; in Chicago neighborhoods, 212n19;
class fragmentation and, 201; in Harrigan
plays, 178–179; intermarriage with Irish,
188; liberation, 174; in the minds of white
workers, 202; negative ste reo types, 184;
as stockyards workers, 61; in urban realist
novels, 190–191; in vaudev ille, 181–182
Africans, 150, 152
Alinsky, Saul, 28
Allen, Stephanie, 51
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of Amer-
i ca, 103, 140
American Federation of Labor (afl), 111,
127–128; employment discrimination
and, 162; immigration restriction and,
168
American Legion, 168
American Plan, 142
American standard of living, 134–135, 137, 162
Americanism, 136
Americanization, 112–144, 154–156, 165–166,
173; and the Communist Party, 245n22;
from the bottom up, 2, 3, 31, 112–144;
vaudev ille and, 180–182
anarchism, 110–111
Ancient Order of Hibernians, 181, 184,
263n40
Anglo- Saxonism, 164, 166, 170–171
Annales school, 1–2, 198
anti- Catholicism, 183
anti- Chinese sentiment, 127, 135, 162–163,
167–168, 256n53; in Harrigan plays,
178–179
anti- lynching sentiment among immigrants,
171
anti- Mexican sentiment, 167
anti- Semitism, 161, 169, 187; in Poland,
258n75
Aptheker, Bettina, 51
Aptheker, Herbert, 51
Asians, 25, 152, 169, 201
atheism, 226n10
autobiography, 2, 217n5; defined, 35–36;
bourgeois, 35, 67; Catholic, 7–32; Com-
munist, 34, 36–37, 55–57, 72, 223n69;
confessional antimemoirs, 40; conversion
narratives, 39, 218n10; oral biographies,
40; personal crises in, 53; personal in the
po liti cal, 52, 55–56, 59; Soviet model, 38;
women militants’, 39–40, 56; working
class 3, 4, 35–36, 65–68, 218n9, 239n15;
women’s, 72
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