A good example of such writing is Pico Iyer's Video Night in Kathmandu
(New York: Alfred Knopf, 1988). For critiques of such modes of travel see
Caren Kaplan, Questions ofTrayel (Durham: Duke University Press, 1996) and
Mary Louise Pratt's Imperial Eyes: Trayel Writing and Transculturation (New
York: Routledge, 1992). In Pratt see the analysis of Joan Didion's Salvador,
Christopher Hibbert, The Grand Tour (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons,
3. John Urry, The Tourist Gate: Leisure and Trayel in Contemporary Societies
(London: Sage Publications, 1990),4.
4. Edmund Swinglehurst, The RomanticJourney (New York: Harper & Row,
1974); for a critique of the tourist/ traveler distinction see James Buzard, The
Beaten Track (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1993).
;. An example of such work is Paul Fussell's Abroad: British Literary Trayel-
ling Between the Wars (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980).
6. Pratt, introduction,
7. Two "lit crit" works that use such problematic stances are Percy G. Adams,
Trayel Literature and the Eyolution ofthe Noyel (Lexington: University Press of
Kentucky, 1983), and Charles L. Batten Jr., Pleasurable Instruction: Form and
Convention in Eighteenth Century Trayel Literature (Berkeley: University of Cali-
fornia Press, 1978). A less scholarly example ofvalorization ofthe traveler-hero
is John Keay's Eccentric Trayelers (Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher Inc., 1982).
8. See Caren Kaplan, "Deterritorializations: The Rewriting of Home and
Exile in Western Feminist Discourse," in The Nature and Context ofMinority
Discourse, ed. Abdul R. JanMohamed and David Lloyd (New York: Oxford
University Press, 1990), pp. 357-368. For a critique of the notion of exile, see
Kaplan, Questions ofTrayel.
9. Out of many such texts I will cite a few: Hazel Carby's Reconstructing
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