Index
Note: “The Fraternity” stands for “Fraternidad
de Presbiteriales Mayas”; “Namaste” stands
for “Fundación Namaste Guatemaya.”
actor-­network theory, 237n10
advisers. See business advisers
African palm, 123
agency: of developers and beneficiaries, 15 – 16,
17, 194, 209; development interventions
and, 214; gaps in policies/practices and, 28,
223; of ngos, 50, 62, 234n6; that constrains
and enables, 28, 212; women’s, 100, 110 – 11,
193, 212 – 13
agent-­based approach, 15 – 16, 20, 25, 27
agriculture: credit and training, 33, 42 – 43;
labor, 90, 123 – 24, 126; modernization strat-
egies, 30, 32 – 34, 62; nontraditional crops,
33, 34, 42, 44; organic, 146 – 47, 194 – 95;
sugar production, 123, 126; tariffs, 42
agro-­export sector, 30, 31, 33 – 34, 43
aid, 37, 38; channeled through ngos, 45, 59;
U.S., 42. See also funders
alcoholism, 184, 219
Alliance for Progress, 32, 34, 36
alternative development, 36, 39, 44, 197; post-­
development critiques and, 57, 61. See also
culturally appropriate development; devel-
opment models
Árbenz Guzmán, Jacobo, 30 – 31, 58
Arévalo Bermejo, Juan José, 30, 58
Arzú Irigoyen, Alvaro, 41, 42
banks, commercial, 54 – 57, 71, 235n11; interest
rates, 79
beneficiaries (general): development inter-
faces with, 18 – 19; development projects
and, 6 – 7, 16; expectations, 24, 26, 100, 222;
interviews with, 18, 225 – 26; meanings and
goals, 19, 222 – 23; neoliberal development
and, 209 – 10; ngo desire to govern, 23;
perceptions of, 20 – 22, 93, 209; power rela-
tions, 17, 26; term usage, 5, 233n2
beneficiaries, the Fraternity: board member-
ship, 148, 176 – 78, 182; Christian/Mayan
identities, 184 – 89; community and polit-
ical projects, 186; criteria for acceptance,
150 – 51; expectations and goals, 160, 164,
191 – 93, 206 – 7; favoritism and discrimi-
nation, 153 – 54, 157, 178, 181 – 82, 193, 213;
indigenous groups, 143; leadership roles,
148 – 49, 154, 176, 182 – 83, 198; participation
in activities, 150, 170 – 71, 180 – 81, 191 – 94;
personal transformation, 164 – 65, 171 – 74;
religious participation and, 158, 166 – 67;
sharing of life stories, 174 – 75, 198; simpli-
fied views of, 151, 183, 191; surveys, 156, 197,
226 – 27; as teachers, 145, 147, 178, 202 – 3;
traditional gender roles and, 189 – 90. See
also education, the Fraternity; loan pro-
gram, the Fraternity
beneficiaries, Namaste: advisers and, 71,
82 – 83, 102 – 4, 112 – 13; annual conferences
for, 78, 108; business profits, 121 – 22, 124,
127 – 31, 237n6; equal treatment, 84; expec-
tations about participation, 26, 93, 96, 102,
106 – 7, 110, 124, 133; goals of, 75; problems
and worries, 109 – 10, 113 – 16; recruitment
of, 87 – 88, 92 – 93, 96 – 100, 112; relation-
ships, 132, 205; residences, 237n3;
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