Index
Academia Carolina, 169
acculturation, 63, 73
Africans. See blacks; slaves, slavery
agency, 261–62; in identity formation,
18–19, 21, 27; in racial categorization,
13–14, 34n43, 94, 100n33; in re-
negotiations of casta, 82–97, 98n8,
254–55
Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, 10, 34n45
alcabalas (sales taxes), 68, 71–72,
79n23
alcaldes, 51, 85, 87, 109
Alves dos Santos, Maria, 126
Amit, Vered, 18
ancestry. See blood
Ancheta, Antonio, 103
Anderson, Perry, 55
Andrews, George Reid, 201
Apaches, 108, 110
apostolic inquisitors, 87, 99n19
Archivo General de Indias (agi), 161n2
Aristimuno, Juan Martin de, 150, 159
Aristotle, 50–51, 55
Arnaiz de las Revillas, Domingo, 185
ayuntamiento governance, 174, 230–31.
See also cabildo governance
Baez, Joseph Francisco, 145, 147, 150,
153–54
Baez, Manuel Francisco, 145, 150
Baeza, Manual Joseph de, 149
Barbua, Jose de, 148
Barragán, Rossana, 107
Barth, Fredrik, 9, 16–18, 94
Bautista, Nicolás, 91
Bennett, Herman, 34n45
blacks: African identities of, 204, 219,
222n16; free, 26, 115–36, 212, 223n31,
223n34; intermarriage of, 3–4, 63,
120; literacy levels of, 115; manumis-
sion rates of, 117, 120; mapping of,
201–2, 221n8; negro category, ix, 7, 11,
81, 109, 112, 206; sexual abuse of, 115;
social mobility of, 26–27. See also El
Cobre (Cuba) community of royal
slaves; free blacks of Minas Gerais dis-
trict; slaves, slavery
blood, 81, 199–200, 250; Jewish, 146,
149; Moorish, 146; pure (limpieza), xi,
5, 6–7, 31n16, 144–47, 149, 162n16;
renegotiations of, 96–97, 141–43, 151–
61; stained, xi–xii, 4. See also racial
categorization
Bolivia: borderland populations of Charcas,
25, 101–13; consolidation of Creoles of
La Plata, 167–91. See also gateras
borderland identities, 101–13, 257–58
boundary definition, 16–18
Bourbon imperial policies, 167–69, 190,
205, 259–60. See also Spain
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